This book is focusing on the detail regional report of International Disability Rights Monitor project in most of American country in 2004. It also describes the strategy of disabilities, health services, communications, housing, accessibility, education, and employment in American countries.
Main Areas of Focus
The main areas of focus are American countries, include Argentina, Belize, Bolivia, Brazil, Canada, Chile, Colombia, Costa Rica, Dominican Republic, Ecuador, El Salvador, Guatemala, Guyana, Honduras, Jamaica, Mexico, Nicaragua, Panama, Paraguay, Peru, Suriname, the United States of America, Uruguay, Venezuela.
The international disability rights monitor project is about the ongoing collaboration between the international disability network and people with disability. This book is describing the strategy of disability rights in American countries.
IDRM, which seeks to define and quantify issues of importance to people with disabilities internationally, while strengthening a grassroots network to advance the rights and agenda of the people with disabilities in the communities that they live.
Describe the struggle or the antagonistic force
Most of Latin American countries do not support and respect the disabilities rights, such as the inaccessibility space, imperfect law, and etc. Therefore, people with Disability in Latin America are struggling because the accessibility, communication, legislation, and employment in these countries are not as perfect as Canada and the United States of America.
In some countries, there is no centrally devised plan for communicating with the people who are deaf in case of emergency. There are limited closed caption for the people who are hearing-impaired. The National Emergency System in most of Latin America has not provided the specific instruction for the people with disability.
In most countries of Latin America, some schools and ministries have the partial accessibility, such as the ramps and elevators. However, some government ministries and schools are inaccessibility. For example, schools within universities and government in Argentina, Bolivia, and Uruguay are most inaccessibility, such as there are no ramps and elevators.
In some countries, the school teachers and students can go to special schools. Although the training courses in these schools are offered, the resource is lacked due to the law and the budgets of government. It can cause the failure to integrate the children with disability to the mainstream educational settings.
Rehabilitation services are also available to people with disabilities at public, private institutions and non-government organizations. However, there are not enough rehabilitation services to meet the current needs and more facilities are required in these countries. There is also no training for therapy or health centre for the people with disability.
Unemployment is a big issue for the people with disability in these countries. The transportation, inaccessible workshops and training centers are decisions of the employment. For example, the people with disability will not go to work if the transportations in these countries are not convenience and accessible.
Personal Impression & Conclusion
The reports of countries are focusing on some countries do not respect the disability rights. For example, there are not enough health services, inaccessible spaces, imperfect education, imperfect communication services, and imperfect employment for paid. Also, the laws which are related disability rights are not perfect.
In Canada and the United States of America, there are perfect education, perfect communication services, perfect employment and enough health services for people with disability. Canada has Human Rights Act and the USA has American Disability Act to protect the disability rights.
However, there are some improvements of disability rights in Canada and the United States of America. For example, there is Registered Disability Savings Plan in Canada, but when you save 1500 dollars which is a restriction of saving amount every year, the government will give you 4500 dollars every year after you are retired. I think the restriction of saving amount should be relaxed to unlimited amount or the governments should give the 4.5 times of the saving amount.